• why the future of oil is in chemicals, not fuels

    Why the future of oil is in chemicals, not fuels

    Feb 20, 2019 ExxonMobil has practiced direct crude cracking technology in Singapore cut called naphtha would sell it to operators of ethylene steam crackers. The typical refinery begins with fractional distillation, which breaks crude oil into its constituent parts. . A crude-to-chemicals facility can be smaller in scale.

  • extraction and refining - air liquide

    extraction and refining - Air Liquide

    are essential small molecules for life, matter and energy. They embody Air We can combine extraction and refining technologies to create an end-to-end

  • industrialized complete technology for atmospheric and  - 中国石油

    Industrialized Complete Technology for Atmospheric and - 中国石油

    Science & Technology Management Department, CNPC. 2015 patents. They have been successfully used in over 40 oil refining enterprises at home and abroad. CNPC has Large-scale atmospheric and vacuum distillation unit is the mixed crude oil . furnace, steam turbine, gas turbine and refrigerating system).

  • shale oil & gas: a study on refining - wipo

    Shale Oil & Gas: A study on refining - WIPO

    Shale Oil & Gas: A study on refining. A Technology Landscape. Aug-13 Patent US20120100588A1 discusses the distillation of shale oil using

  • us6893509b2 - method of cleaning vessels in a refinery - google

    US6893509B2 - Method of cleaning vessels in a refinery - Google

    Application filed by Refined Technologies Inc . Refineries will steam a vessel in this manner for as long as five days. art methods by introducing a cleaning agent in small specifically regulated quantities into . crude distillation vessels along with any other refinery equipment that can be isolated .. Patent Citations ( 6).

  • distillation - wikipedia

    Distillation - Wikipedia

    Distillation is the process of separating the components or substances from a liquid mixture by In midstream operations at oil refineries, distillation is a major class of .. Several laboratory scale techniques for distillation exist (see also distillation . The Kugelrohr is a kind of a short path distillation apparatus which often

  • fluid catalytic cracking - wikipedia

    Fluid catalytic cracking - Wikipedia

    A typical fluid catalytic cracking unit in a petroleum refinery. Fluid catalytic cracking (FCC) is one of the most important conversion processes used in . The expanded flue gas is then routed through a steam-generating boiler . In 1933, a small Houdry unit processed 200 barrels per day (32 m3/d) of Their hrpalmoilmachine. Patent No.

  • standard oil as a technological innovator - harvard university

    Standard Oil as a Technological Innovator - Harvard University

    scale economies-enhancing investments by which it aggressively Century there was very little difference between the unit costs shows the number of petroleum refining patents issued during Standard Oil generated only a small share of the 443 refining . fractional distillation of oil and one on the manufacture of.

  • gtl: small scale and modular technologies for gas to liquid

    GTL: Small Scale and Modular Technologies for Gas to Liquid

    Refineries can also use GTL to convert some of their gaseous hydrocarbon waste Small-scale GTL plants are containerized units comprised of a reformer for . However, their patented technologies are based on 2 decades of Rs modular unit offers a small-scale gas-to-liquid (GTL) solution for

  • energy star petroleum energy guide

    ENERGY STAR Petroleum Energy Guide

    accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process The findings suggest that given available resources and technology, .. The small refineries only distill products, and are most often inefficient While the exact size and use of a modern steam systems varies greatly, there is an.