• best oil refining/marketing stocks | us news best stocks

    Best Oil Refining/Marketing Stocks | US News Best Stocks

    Oil Refining/Marketing Stocks The oil refining/marketing sector includes companies that refine and sell crude oil. Companies that refine oil manufacture it into a number of petroleum products

  • services - amerisource crude oil refineries

    Services - Amerisource Crude Oil Refineries

    Services MODULAR CRUDE OIL REFINERIES. Amerisource will work with you every step of the way in the establishment of your Modular refineries, Mini refineries, high yield Diesel topping plants, Crude oil flow stations, plant relocation, gas processing plants and oil & gas process equipment supplies, installation and maintenance.

  • oil 101 - refining business process - downstream oil and gas

    Oil 101 - Refining Business Process - Downstream Oil and Gas

    In addition to quality products, the quality of every crude that is run in the refinery is tested. The lab uses a sample of the crude to produce a distillation curve so that refinery operations can set the equipment temperature and pressure conditions to maximize the yield of high value products in the crude.

  • light vs heavy crude oil - petroleum refinery equipment for

    Light vs Heavy Crude Oil - Petroleum Refinery Equipment For

    Light Crude oil is liquid petroleum that has low density and that flows freely at room temperature. It has low viscosity, low specific gravity and high API gravity due to the presence of a high proportion of light hydrocarbon fractions. It generally has a low wax content as well. On the other hand, heavy crude oil []

  • crude oil refining & upgrading - ulisboa

    Crude Oil Refining & Upgrading - ULisboa

    Petroleum refining is the process of separating the many compounds present in crude petroleum. The principle which is used in basic term is that the longer the carbon chain, the higher the temperature at which the compounds will boil, in a process known as DISTILLATION. An Oil refinery or petroleum refinery is an industrial process plant where

  • crude oil separation processes - petroleum refinery equipment

    Crude Oil Separation Processes - Petroleum Refinery Equipment

    The most common salts in crude oil are sodium, calcium and magnesium chlorides (NaCl ~ 70 to 80wt%, CaCl2 ~10wt%, and MgCl2 ~ 10 to 20wt%), which are in the form of crystals or ionized in the water present in the crude. If salt is not removed, the high temperatures present during crude oil refining could cause water hydrolysis, which in turn allows the formation of hydrochloric acid (HCl), provoking serious corrosion problems in the equipment.

  • an introduction to petroleum refining and the production of


    In the refining industry, crude oil is called sweet (low sulfur) if its sulfur level is less than a threshold value (hrpalmoilmachine., hrpalmoilmachine wt% (5,000 ppmw)) and sour (high sulfur) if its sulfur level is above a higher threshold. Most sour crudes have sulfur levels in the range of hrpalmoilmachine–hrpalmoilmachine wt%, but some have sulfur levels 4 wt%.

  • refining, supply & trading - elpe - home


    Their location (coastal refineries) and high complexity give them the competitive advantage of easy access to and processing of all types of crude oil that are available in the region. Furthermore, the logistics infrastructure offers a storage capacity of hrpalmoilmachine million m 3 for crude and products.

  • the process of crude oil refining | eme 801: energy markets

    The process of crude oil refining | EME 801: Energy Markets

    Petroleum refineries are large-scale industrial complexes that produce saleable petroleum products from crude oil (and sometimes other feedstocks like biomass). The details of refinery operations differ from location to location, but virtually all refineries share two basic processes for separating crude oil into the various product components.

  • crude oil inputs to mexico’s petroleum refineries continued

    Crude oil inputs to Mexico’s petroleum refineries continued

    hrpalmoilmachine. refineries along the Gulf Coast are able to process heavy Mexican crude oil blends with a high yield of finished, low-sulfur motor gasoline. Pemex currently obtains some of its motor gasoline from the United States through its joint venture with Shell at the 340,000 b/d refinery in Deer Park, Texas.

  • petroleum refineries - epa

    Petroleum Refineries - EPA

    Jan 22, 2009 The majority of oil distillation capacity in the hrpalmoilmachine. is at large, 150 refineries within the hrpalmoilmachine. and its territories along with crude oil distillation process charge or production capacities for various process units as of January 2006. .. a typical petroleum refinery arise from process equipment leaks, crude oil

  • petroleum refining - epa

    Petroleum Refining - EPA

    The petroleum refining industry converts crude oil into more than 2500 refined products, To meet the demands for high-octane gasoline, jet fuel, and diesel fuel, A wide assortment of processes and equipment not directly involved in the refining of crude . Under the New Source Performance Standards, controlled FCC

  • could you provide me information about petroleum refining process

    Could you provide me information about petroleum refining process

    Equipment and about process parameters? The crude oil feed stock has typically been processed by an oil production plant. Petroleum refineries are very large industrial complexes that involve a great many different processing units and

  • itp petroleum refining: petroleum technology vision 2020

    ITP Petroleum Refining: Petroleum Technology Vision 2020

    efficiency will play a large role in determining the future use of petroleum. One goals for the upstream industry, including stabilizing domestic oil production, maintaining the The quality of crude oil feedstocks ments will focus on prevention of fuel expo- has declined, and .. ties of aging refinery equipment. The indus-

  • the process of crude oil refining | eme 801: energy markets, policy

    The process of crude oil refining | EME 801: Energy Markets, Policy

    Once crude oil is extracted from the ground, it must be transported and Upstream activities involve exploring for crude oil deposits and the production of crude oil. Petroleum refineries are large-scale industrial complexes that produce

  • petroleum refining | definition, history, processes, & facts

    petroleum refining | Definition, History, Processes, & Facts

    Petroleum refining, conversion of crude oil into useful products, including fuel the petroleum industry to meet the demands of high-performance combat aircraft

  • water requirements of the petroleum refining industry - usgs

    Water Requirements of the Petroleum Refining Industry - USGS

    exploration for and production of crude oil, transportation of crude oil or refinery . oils are distilled to prevent serious corrosion of refining equipment. Brines are then reuses the warmed water to satisfy cooling requirements of higher.

  • oil and gas production handbook an introduction to oil  - abb group

    Oil and gas production handbook An introduction to oil - ABB Group

    discovered that much of the equipment is described in standards, equipment manuals it became even more essential for refineries to increase high-value fuel yield modern refinery can get up to 70% gasoline from the same quality crude.

  • new forces at work in refining: industry views of critical business

    New Forces at Work in Refining: Industry Views of Critical Business

    This chapter presents key trends in refinery processes and technologies high crude oil slates, petroleum product demand, environmental regulations, and .. cussants noted that improved equipment performance models and algorithms.

  • petroleum refining - an overview | sciencedirect topics

    Petroleum Refining - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics

    Petroleum refining and gas processing involve the handling of hydrocarbons in Therefore, it is cost-effective due to the avoidance of the high-cost oxidation process. . uncertainty surrounding the future of unconventional crude oil production in the Corrosion causes the failure of equipment items as well as dictating the